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The hip joint is the largest joint of the human body. It is a ball and socket joint. The thigh bones femur ends with a rounded projection or ball femoral headwhich fits into the socket acetabulum of the pelvic girdle. Both the ball and socket are lined with cushioning tissue hip cartilage. The joint is sealed inside a tough capsule made of membrane synovial capsulewhich contains lubricating fluid that aids smooth motion of the joint.
The ball is anchored firmly into the socket with tough connective tissue called ligaments.
Hip Problems, Age 12 and Older | HealthLink BC
The muscles of the legs overlay these ligaments. The hip joint is complicated so as to allow a wide range of motion while still supporting the weight of the body.
Osteoarthritis is associated with degeneration of the joint cartilage and with changes teenage the bones underlying the joint.
The cartilage becomes brittle and splits. Some pieces may break away and float around inside the synovial fluid within the joint. This can lead to inflammation. Eventually, the cartilage can break down so much that it no longer cushions the two bones. Current theory suggests that the cartilage loses its elasticity because of cellular changes. Commonly affected joints include those of high hip, spine, shoulder, fingers, knees, ankles, feet and toes. Rheumatoid arthritis is an immune condition that causes inflammation in moving joints synovial joints.
Inflammation in joints results in an increase in synovial fluid swelling of the jointpain and morning joint stiffness. Joints that can be affected include those of the hands and wrists, elbows, shoulders, neck, jaw, hips, knees, ankles and feet. This uncommon form of inflammatory arthritis can target the high, knees and hips.
Typical symptoms include pain and stiffness first thing in the morning. The cause is unknown, but genes are thought to play a significant role. Caucasian men aged between 16 and 33 years are most susceptible. Older people are teen yung small girl sex prone to hip fractures because bones become less dense as we age.
In some cases, a person develops osteoporosis — a disease characterised by the excessive girl of bone tissue. The bones become soft and brittle, and prone to fractures and deformities. More women girl men experience osteoporosis. Developmental dysplasia of the hip means that the hip joint of a newborn baby is dislocated or prone to dislocation. The socket is abnormally shallow, which prevents a stable fit.
Hip disorders - Better Health Channel
Slack ligaments may also allow the femoral head to slip out of joint. Possible causes include a breech feet first delivery, family history and disorders such as spina bifida. Around 95 per cent of babies born with developmental dysplasia of the hip can be successfully treated. It tends to affect children between the ages of three and 11 years. The ball of the femur is softened, and ultimately damaged, due to an inadequate blood supply to the bone cells. The cause is unknown. During childhood, the femoral ball is attached to the femur with a growth plate of bone.
In some teenagers, the ball can slide from its proper position, causing the leg on the affected side to turn out from the body. Possible contributing factors include the shape and location of the femoral head in relation to the femur, increased bones hormones during puberty, and weight gain. Hip treatment, slipped capital femoral epiphysis will worsen and the child may experience arthritis of the hip joint in teenage life. Irritable hip naked asian girl playing gameboy sometimes called toxic synovitis is a temporary form of arthritis, which tends to affect prepubescent children for unknown reasons.
Boys with toxic synovitis outnumber girls four to one.
Symptoms include hip pain usually on one side onlyinability to walk or limpingknee pain and fever.